We sure are with our all-mango day and we are giving reasons for you to be so too!
Summer is here and among all the things, it is the season of the much loved fruit, the mango! This brilliant yellow fruit boasts of a pleasant aroma, unique flavour and wonderful nutrition profile. This wonderful fruit is said to have originated from the sub-Himalayan plains of the Indian sub-continent, also a reason its botanical name is Mangifera Indica! Little known to all, mango has some nutty relatives: This wonderful sweet fruit belongs to the family of Anacardiaceae, a family that also includes the tropical trees of cashewnuts and pistachios!
“MonkeyBox understands the love for mangoes that children share and hence are commemorating a day only to this King of Fruits. Right from infusing the healthy steamed idlis with mango to exploring the natural tart and sweet taste of mango in chats; our Monday menu can be officially renamed as Mango-day!”
Vital stats of the beloved mango
Fresh mango season starts from April and lasts until August
Each fruit measures 5 to 15 cms in length and about 4 to 10 cms in width
The outer skin in unripe mangoes are green but changes to golden yellow, crimson red, yellow or orange-red depending on the type of mango!
The flesh of the mango is sweet with many tender fibres radiating from the seed.
“Did you know, a high-quality mango fruit should typically feature no or very less fiber content and minimal tartness.”
Types of mangoes!
Every Indian state has a rich history of producing different varieties of mangoes. Have a look at this table
|Indian State||The Mango Heritage|
|Himachal Pradesh||Chausa, Dashehari, Langra|
|Haryana||Dashehari, Langra, Sarauli, Chausa, Fazli|
|Punjab||Dashehari, Langra, Chausa, Malda|
|Madhya Pradesh||Alphonso, Bombay Green, Langra, Sunderja, Dashehari, Fazli, Neelum, Amrapalli, Mallika|
|Jharkhand||Jardalu, Amrapalli, Mallika, Bombai, Langra, Himsagar, Chausa, Gulabkhas|
|Uttar Pradesh||Bombay Green, Dashehari, Langra, Safeda Lucknow, Chausa, Fazli|
|Rajasthan||Bombay Green, Chausa, Dashehari, Langra|
|Bihar||Bathua, Bombai, Himsagar, Kishen Bhog, Sukul, Gulab Khas, Zardalu, Langra, Chausa, Dashehari, Fazli|
|Maharashtra||Alphonso, Mankurad, Mulgoa, Pairi, Rajapuri, Kesar, Gulabi, Vanraj|
|Gujarat||Alphonso, Kesar, Rajapuri, Vanraj, Jamadar, Totapuri, Neelum, Dashehari, Langra|
|Orissa||Baneshan, Langra, Neelum, Suvarnarekha, Amrapalli, Mallika|
|West Bengal||Bombai, Himsagar, Kishen Bhog, Langra, Fazli, Gulabkhas, Amrapalli, Mallika|
|Andhra Pradesh||Allumpur Baneshan, Banganapalli, Bangalora, Cherukurasam, Himayuddin, Suvernarekha, Neelum, Totapuri|
|Karnataka||Alphonso, Bangalora, Mulgoa, Neelum, Pairi, Baganapalli, Totapuri|
|Tamil Nadu||Banganapalli, Bangalora, Neelum, Rumani, Mulgoa, Alphonso, Totapuri|
|Kerala||Mundappa, Olour, Pairi|
Surprised that your favourite fruit had so many variants? Of these varieties, we list down the 10 most popular mango varieties that has us salivating every summer season.
- Alphonso or Hapus
Undoubtedly, the showstopper of all the mango variants. India’s most exported mango, this is the mango most of us had drawn or coloured as a kid. This has a perfect sweet taste and colour. Do you know, alphonso mangoes are names after Afonso de Albuquerque, a Portuguese soldier who established Portuguese colonies in Goa. This variant is one of the most expensive of all the produce.
This oblique oval shaped mango gets its name from Banganapalle town in Andhra Pradesh. Undoubtedly, this is south India’s most famous and favoured mango variant. The pulp of this mango is known to be tart yet pulpy without any fibres.
- Dussheri or Mallihabadi
This mango from the Northern part of India is known to be a fibreless fruit. Small and very sweet, this mango has a typical way to be eaten. It is mostly pulped and then sucked on!
The end of the mango season, around July-August marks the appearance of this mango variety. Chausa variety can be characterised by bright yellow skin and extremely sweet pulp.
If you are a resident in the South of India, then you must have seen this mango being sold almost everywhere. This mango is named so because of the signature hooked tip like a parrot’s beak! It is not the sweet variety and hence makes for a great tangy addition to salads, pickles and even in the occasional sauce!
Behold the parent of the super tasty aamras. The striking part of the kesar mango is that it has a typical saffron aroma! In the mood for aamras, you know the variant of mango to pick up.
Langra is one of the prominent and most superior variety of mangoes from North India. It gets this typical name, which means lame, because it first made an appearance in the orchard of a lame man.
Nutrition profile of the king of fruits
The brilliant yellow of the mango signifies the presence of vitamin A, beta-carotene, alpha-carotene and beta-cryptoxanthin. 100 grams of mango provides 765 IU or 25% of recommended daily levels of vitamin-A. The polyphenolic compounds in mango acts like a great antioxidant warding off the free radical onslaught. Mango is also a rich source of antioxidant vitamin C, vitamin E, B-complex vitamins, potassium, and copper. Many of these vitamins and minerals are involved in the production of enzymes which also have antioxidant activities in the body.
Ripe versus raw, which to go for!
Even raw mango has a place of its own in the kitchen. Right from the very refreshing aam panna to the spicy pickle, raw mango is a hit in its own right. Extremely tart, the raw variant of this fruit is richer in vitamin C than its sweet, ripened self. Where sugars are concerned, your bet is right; raw mango has 60 calories per 100 g serving whereas ripe mango has 72 calories per 100 g serving.
“Did you know, raw mango is an excellent cure for stomach upsets and indigestion. Add a bit of aamchur (dried raw mango powder) for not just a good ‘gut’ feeling but also for a good dose of vitamin C in the diet”
There, we have given you enough reasons to include mango in the diet. For those of you who haven’t experimented with this tasty fruit, this is time to do so. We are doing our bit and making Monday worth looking forward to!